The “salt of the earth."
Various classes of Chinese had been emigrating to Europe and America well before the turn of the century (1900). The so-called “coolies” or peasant laborers were the most numerous and most recognizable. Hand labor built China and would be a major factor in the development of the west coast of the United States.
Portrait by artist-historian George Stuart.
Courtesy George S. Stuart.
Images © copyright by Peter d'Aprix