One of the “Infamous Seven”
A member of a dynasty of Spanish popes, he was seen as one of the “seven bad popes,” but he was no worse than others of his time. He bought his election to the papacy, practiced nepotism with his large family, and tried to strengthen the papacy through conquest of central Italy. His lifestyle made him infamous, and rather likable! For a detailed description of his papal vestments and regalia, please see our blog.
Portrait by artist-historian George Stuart.
Courtesy George S. Stuart.
Images © copyright by Peter d'Aprix